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Understanding Cause and Effect (Sentence Examples and Essay Sample)

What is cause and effect? You’ve probably heard the saying, “There’s a reason for everything.” And it’s true! Everything happens for a reason. But what are some of the reasons? In this blog post, we’ll explore some cause and effect examples. We’ll also discuss how to identify the cause and effect in everyday situations.

Cause and effect example
Cause and effect example

What is cause and effect?

Understanding cause and effect is crucial in our daily lives, as well as in scientific and medical fields. When considering a problem or situation, it can be helpful to ask “what caused this?” and “what are the effects?”. 

This type of analysis allows you to determine what actions you may need to take in order to prevent or manage certain effects. 

Let’s use the example of smoking: the cause may be a person’s decision to smoke a cigarette, and some possible effects could be an increased risk for lung cancer or heart disease. 

By understanding the relationship between cause and effect, you can make informed choices in your lives and find solutions to problems.

Additionally, in scientific experimentation, establishing a clear cause and effect relationship is crucial for determining the validity of results. In sum, thinking about cause and effect can aid us in making sense of our world and finding ways to improve it.

Cause and effectCause-and-effect describes a relationship between actions or events in which at least one action or event is a direct result of the others.
Cause and effect example
Cause and effect example

Examples of cause and effect

The cause is the root of the problem while the effect is what results from the issue. Cause and effect are often related: one event may be the result of another, or several events may contribute to a single result.

  • A cause: poor nutrition can lead to Effects: of both weight gain and fatigue.
  • An effect may have more than one cause: for example, a headache could be caused by stress, dehydration, or a sinus infection.
  • Cause: Watching too much television Effect: Directly causes eye strain or indirectly causes health problems if it leads to a sedentary lifestyle.

The causes of an event may be immediate or remote. For example, the immediate causes of a car accident may be speeding and wet roads, while the remote causes may be driver fatigue and mechanical problems with the vehicle.

The effects of an event may be immediate or delayed. For example, eating too much sugar might immediately cause a sugar high, or the effects might not be noticeable until hours later when blood sugar levels crash.

Cause and effect can be difficult to determine because there may be multiple factors involved. For example, it can be hard to say whether poverty causes crime or if crime causes poverty.

Cause and effect example
Cause and effect example

Examples of cause and effect in sentences

Daily life

  • Cause: If a man offends his neighbor by insulting him, the natural reaction is that the insulted neighbor becomes angry (Effect). When this happens, he tells his friends about what happened to garner sympathy. Often, his friends will also become upset, and they too will spread the news to their social circles (another cause and effect).
  • Cause: Drinking coffee Effect: Dehydration. 
  • Cause: A person starts smoking. Effects: Gets various health problems, including cancer and heart disease.

Middle school students

  • Smoking causes cancer.
  • Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.
  • Wearing sunscreen prevents skin cancer.
  • Exercising makes you healthier and looks better.
  • Driving without a seat belt can lead to serious injury or death in the event of an accident.
  • Studying helps you learn and remember information better.
  • Staying up late can make you tired and less alert the next day.
  • Swimming in the ocean can cause a rash or infection if you’re not careful.
  • Eating raw fish can cause food poisoning.
  • Reading in dim light can damage your eyesight.

High school students

  • Eating a balanced diet helps you stay healthy. 
  • Drinking too much alcohol can cause liver damage. 
  • Exercise is good for your body and mind. 
  • Too much stress can lead to physical and mental health problems. 
  • Sleeping for eight hours each night helps improve your mood and energy levels. 
  • Taking care of your belongings keeps them in good condition for longer periods of time. 
  • Being on time allows you to have a more productive day. 
  • Participating in class discussions increases your understanding of the material. 
  • Chewing gum while you’re studying helps you focus and remember the information better.

College students

  • Being overweight increases the risk of developing chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus.
  • Earning a college degree can lead to increased earning potential throughout a lifetime.

Software engineers

  • The bug caused the system to crash.
  • A coding error in the software caused incorrect data to be displayed.
  • A misconfiguration in the system caused the problem.
  • Poorly written code can cause serious problems for a software system.
  • Incorrect input can cause an application to malfunction.
  • Misuse of a function can cause errors in the program output.
  • A programming error can cause a system to fail catastrophically.
  • A software bug can cause applications to fail unexpectedly. 
  • Bad data can cause a program to crash or produce incorrect results. 
  • Undocumented features can often lead to unforeseen problems.

Marketing professionals

  • Increased spending on advertising led to a significant increase in profits.
  • A decrease in the quality of the products led to a decrease in sales.
  • The company’s decision to focus on price over quality caused them to lose market share.
  • Focusing on new markets led to an increase in revenue.
  • Introducing new products led to an increase in profits.
  • Spending more time on research and development led to increased sales of new products.
  • Targeting a younger demographic led to an increase in profits.
  • A lack of focus on customer service led to a decrease in sales and market share. 
  • Increasing the amount of product promotion led to significant sales.
Cause and effect example
Cause and effect example

Cause and effect essay example

The Causes and Effects of Homelessness

Homelessness is an issue that affects people all over the world. There are many different causes of homelessness, and as a result, there are also many different effects. In this essay, we will explore the causes and effects of homelessness in detail.

The most obvious cause of homelessness is unemployment. Personal relationships, mental health issues, and substance abuse can all contribute to an individual losing their housing. Additionally, even those who do have steady employment may struggle to afford rising rent costs or be unable to find stable, affordable housing in their area.

Ending homelessness

There is no one-size-fits-all solution to ending homelessness, and it’s important to consider all possible causes when developing plans and programs to support those experiencing homelessness. 

The high cost of housing is often compounded by other factors, such as low wages, unemployment, and mental illness. In many cases, people who become homeless have difficulty maintaining steady employment due to these factors. As a result, they cannot afford housing, leading to homelessness.

Inflection by mental illness

Mental illness is another cause of homelessness. A large portion of homeless people – estimates range from 20-25% – suffer from severe mental illness, whereas only 6% of non-homeless individuals do. Some experts estimate that as many as one-third of all homeless people have some form of mental illness.

This can make it difficult for them to maintain employment or afford to house. Mental illness can also make it difficult for people to access services that help them escape the streets.

There are many different effects of homelessness. One of the most obvious effects is poor physical health. Homeless people often have difficulty accessing necessities like food and shelter, which can lead to malnutrition and exposure to harsh weather. Homelessness also often leads to increased stress levels and mental health problems such as anxiety and depression.

In conclusion, homelessness is a complex problem with many causes and effects. Understanding all of these factors is essential to effectively address the issue.

Cause and effect example
Cause and effect example

Cause and effect exercises


If you train your parrot, he will speak.

What is the cause?

What is the effect?

She forgot to feed her dog, it died of starvation.

What is the cause?

What is the effect?

I didn’t drink enough water today, so I am feeling dehydrated.

What is the cause?

What is the effect?


If you train your parrot, he will speak.

Cause: Training the parrot.

Effect: Learning to speak.

She forgot to feed her dog, it died of starvation.

Cause: Forgot to feed her dog.

Effect: Died of starvation.

I didn’t drink enough water today, so I am feeling dehydrated.

Cause: Didn’t drink water.

Effect: Feeling dehydrated.

The next time you want to understand why something happened, consider looking for the cause and effect. And, when you’re ready to improve your grades or earn a degree, remember that we’re here to help you succeed. But understanding cause and effect can provide clarity where there might be confusion.


What are cause and effect relationships?

It is the connection between the core cause the effect. There can be multiple causes in a situation. Although it doesn’t have an impact on the cause and effect relationship. For example, “eating poorly and not exercising.” This can be an example of multiple causes and can have multiple effects.

What are cause and effect arguments?

They are discourse between the relationship of cause and effect relationships. For example, an essay on “growing childhood obesity epidemic” and the root causes of this. Explaining complex relationships requires discourse between the cause and effect (the argument). This is typically found in essay format (cause and effect essays) rather than daily life.

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About the author

Dalia Y.: Dalia is an English Major and linguistics expert with an additional degree in Psychology. Dalia has featured articles on Forbes, Inc, Fast Company, Grammarly, and many more. She covers English, ESL, and all things grammar on GrammarBrain.

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