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APA Style Reference Lists: Multiple Authors (Examples)

What are APA style reference list rules for multiple authors? The references below use the APA Publication Manual 7 (released on October 2019). Learn how to properly cite a source or reference in APA style format in this full APA format citation guide. Read the other guides to learn how to cite other source types according to research papers, professional papers, scholarly journal’s, and student essays.

Understanding an APA reference list for authors and multiple authors: what is APA style?

APA is a writing format for academic documents. These documents typically include scholarly journals, books, student essays, and other educational material. For example, in the field of behavioral and social sciences (including sociology, education, health science, criminal justice, and psychology) APA style is used as a standard format for research.

APA stands for the American Psychological Association. The APA became involved in journal publishing in 1923. And in 1929, an APA committee had created a seven-page writer’s guide published in the Psychological Bulletin. Editions of the APA manual have since evolved. With major releases in 1974, 1983, 1994, 2001, 2009, and 2019. Each with their edition titles.

For example, the 2019 edition is referred to as “APA 6” style. Revisions of the APA style guide tend to follow developments of the English language and linguistics as a whole.

APA Style 7th Edition font suggestions

APA Publication Manual 7 requires that chosen fonts be accessible to readers and consistent throughout essays and research papers. The APA Manual does not specify a certain typeface or font for papers. They do recommend the following typefaces with their point sizes as follows:

FontPoint size
Lucida Sans Unicode10-point
Times New Roman12-point
Computer Modern10-point
APA Style font recommendations

What are the APA reference list rules for multiple authors?

Single authorsJohnson, R. (2019) On being included: Humanism. Duke University Press.
Two authorsJourneyman, C. J., & Ericson, O. P. (2018). The next big five inventory (BFI-2): The Understanding of How Humans Relate. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology113(1), 117-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000096
Three to twenty authorsCanyon, T., Carnale, J. J., Scholer, A. A., Miele, D. B., & Fujita, K. (2019). The Human Element and the Performance. Journal of Personality and Social Justice, 117(5), 879-899. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000166
More than twenty authorsPegion, K., Kirtman, B. P., Becker, E., Collins, D. C., LaJoie, E., Ericson, R., Bell, R., Bryant, R., Min, D., Zhu, Y., Li, W., Smith, E., Guan, H., Gottschalck, J., Berger, E. J., Barton, N. P., Schumaker, D., Marshak, J., Koster, R., . . .  Kim, H. (2012). The math and science issue. Bulletin of the American Society for Meterology, 100(10), 2043-2061. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0270.1
Group authorMerriam-Webster. (2008). Ericson. In Merriam-Webster’s Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary. Merriam-Webster.
Multiple layers of group authorshipBureau of International Organization Affairs. (2018). U.S. affairs, 2019 [Annual report]. U.S. Department of State. https://www.state.gov/u-s-contributions-to-international-organizations/
Unknown authorMerriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Merriam-Webster.
Two more works by the same authorAndrews, C. R. (Ed.). (2012). Influences on human life. Cambridge University Press.
Two more works by the same author in the same yearBernard, R.D. (2006a).  Children’s relationships: Shifts over the century and the effects of such.  Merrill Lynch Quarterly, 50(3)206-223.
In introductions, prefaces, forewords, and afterwordsLane, J. M. (2018). Introduction. In Smith, G., Lane, J. M., & Richards, R.A (Eds.), Teaching humanism (pp. 1-8). Duke University Press.

Other reference common cases

Here are other multiple author reference list APA style guides:

No author, date, or page number

Unknown elementSolutionIn-text citation
AuthorUse the source title.(Source Title, 2020)
DateWrite “n.d.” for “no date”.(Smith, n.d.)
Page numberUse an alternative locator or
omit the page number.
(Smith, 2020, 03:46) or
(Smith, 2020)

APA 7th Edition Formatting and Style Guides:

Here are more resources on APA style:

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About the author

Dalia Y.: Dalia is an English Major and linguistics expert with an additional degree in Psychology. Dalia has featured articles on Forbes, Inc, Fast Company, Grammarly, and many more. She covers English, ESL, and all things grammar on GrammarBrain.

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