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APA Reference List: Other Print Sources (Template + Examples)

What are APA style reference list rules for dissertations, dictionaries, and other physical reference works? The references below use the APA Publication Manual 7 (released on October 2019). Learn how to properly cite a source or reference in APA style format in this full APA format citation guide. Read the other guides to learn how to cite other source types according to research papers, professional papers, scholarly journal’s, and student essays.

Understanding an APA reference list with a dissertation or other print sources: what is APA style?

APA is a writing format for academic documents. These documents typically include scholarly journals, books, student essays, and other educational material. For example, in the field of behavioral and social sciences (including sociology, education, health science, criminal justice, and psychology) APA style is used as a standard format for research.

APA stands for the American Psychological Association. The APA became involved in journal publishing in 1923. And in 1929, an APA committee had created a seven-page writer’s guide published in the Psychological Bulletin. Editions of the APA manual have since evolved. With major releases in 1974, 1983, 1994, 2001, 2009, and 2019. Each with their edition titles.

For example, the 2019 edition is referred to as “APA 6” style. Revisions of the APA style guide tend to follow developments of the English language and linguistics as a whole.

APA Style 7th Edition font suggestions

APA Publication Manual 7 requires that chosen fonts be accessible to readers and consistent throughout essays and research papers. The APA Manual does not specify a certain typeface or font for papers. They do recommend the following typefaces with their point sizes as follows:

FontPoint size
Lucida Sans Unicode10-point
Times New Roman12-point
Computer Modern10-point
APA Style font recommendations

What are the APA reference list rules for dictionary, thesaurus, or encyclopedia references?

The 7th Edition of the APA Manual does not provide specific guidance on how to cite physical references like dictionaries, thesauruses, and encyclopedias.

RuleFormat + Template
When referencing an entry in a dictionary, encyclopedia, thesaurusInstitution or organization name. (Year). Title of entry. In Title of reference work (edition, page numbers). Publisher name.
When referencing an entry in a dictionary, encyclopedia, thesaurus (with an individual author)Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of entry. In F. M. Lastname (ed.), Title of reference work (edition, page numbers). Publisher.
Works that are discussed in a secondary source (DOI)Smith R. (2019). What is humanism? Languish46(1), 21-37. http://sub.uwpress.org/lookup/doi/10.3368/ss.46.1.21
Disseration abstractLastname, F. M. (Year). Title of dissertation. Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol., Page.
Dissertation of Master’s Thesis (Published)Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of dissertation/thesis (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation/Master’s thesis, Name of Institution Awarding the Degree]. Database or Archive Name.
Dissertation of Master’s Thesis (Unpublished)Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of dissertation/thesis [Unpublished doctoral dissertation/master’s thesis]. Name of Institution Awarding the Degree. 
Federal or state statute (typically linking to a .gov website)Name of Act, Public Law No. (Year). URL
A report by a government agency or other government organizationOrganization Name. (Year). Title of report. URL
Report by individual authors at a government agencyLastname, F. M., & Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of report. Organization Name. URL
Conference proceedingsLastname, F. M., & Lastname, F. M. (Eds.). (Year). Title of Proceedings. Publisher. URL (if applicable)

What is the DOI?

Note that a DOI references (typically APA PsychNet sources). Their links look like the following url: https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037/pspp0000096

When should I use “et al.” in APA in-text citations?

You can use the abbreviation “et. al.” when there are multiple authors that you are not choosing to list. This is best for in-text citations and not in the reference list itself. For example, if a book has more than three authors, you can say (Taylor, Smith, et al., 2019).

It should only get used when referencing the same book, published in the same year, and when more than two authors are part of the published piece.

Do I need to include the publisher’s location in an APA book citation?

In the 7th Edition of the APA manual, no location information is required for publishers.

APA 7th Edition Formatting and Style Guides:

Here are more resources on APA style:


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About the author

Dalia Y.: Dalia is an English Major and linguistics expert with an additional degree in Psychology. Dalia has featured articles on Forbes, Inc, Fast Company, Grammarly, and many more. She covers English, ESL, and all things grammar on GrammarBrain.

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