Recurring vs. reoccurring, what’s the difference? If something is recurring, isn’t it the same as if it’s reoccurring? A recurring event or a reoccurring event? These two words sound similar, though have two separate meanings in American English. Both are similar in pronunciation, spelling, and meaning—making it confusing for writers.
Learn what recurring and reoccurring mean in this short guide…
A short history of the word reoccur (or recurring)
The first mention of the word “reoccur” came in Francois Fenelon’s The Adventures of Telemachus. Translator John Ozell notes, “the same objects frequently re-occur in this poem.” The date of this publication was 1734, making the word appear relatively early in the English language.
Recurring definition and meaning
Synonyms of recurring
“I keep having this recurring dream that I will wake up and have a bed full of snakes. I understand that it’s not real. Although it is scary.”
“My doctor says I must come back every 6 months to get this looked at. It could be a recurring issue that comes back periodically.”
“Will Smith is known for his recurring role in the movies Men In Black.”
In these examples, we are using the word recurring to say that something will “recur.” Recur means to happen repeatedly or after an interval of time.
Reoccurring definition and meaning
Something that is reoccurring is “to happen another time” according to Merriam-Webster. When something is reoccurring, it means that it has already happened once and happens again. Although, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it happens frequently.
When something is reoccurring, there isn’t an expectation that it will continue to happen. For example, someone who would like to make a meal a second time would be a reoccurring meal. For example, “I think I’ll make the deep dish pizza once more.”
If something happens frequently, repetitively, or at regular intervals—it is better to use recurring rather than reoccurring.
What about reoccurring events and recurring events?
Reoccurring events would be things like presidential elections. While recurring events would be things like the alarm going off every morning at 8 am. Or another example would be a subscription. Someone would get charged at regular intervals, making it a recurring event.
The key difference when referring to events is that something that reoccurs happens again, but not necessarily repeatedly.
“I had a weird dream the other night. And it’s odd because I had this dream once before. I wonder if it is reoccurring. We will find out in the future.”
“I don’t know if I’m going to get diagnosed with a reoccurring illness. I went to the doctor, and there’s no information for me yet.”
Reoccur in sentences
“The crash happened multiple times last year, making it one of the most severe cases in the United States. Preventative measures are being put in place to ensure this doesn’t reoccur again.”
Base forms of recurring and reoccurring
To remember which word to use, remember these base forms:
Recurring: For something to recur.
Reoccurring: For something to reoccur.
What are base forms?
Recurring vs reoccurring: key differences
Here are the key differences between recur and reoccur:
When something could recur: Something that has happened once, although may not happen again on a regular basis. For example, “While the symptoms for a chronic illness may recur, we have put preventative measures in place.”
When something could reoccur: Meaning that something has happened regularly and may continue to happen. Reoccur means it is expected to continue happening. For example, “Will Smith is appearing on the new TV Show, Quiz. This will reoccur every week for 52 weeks.”
By understanding these two terms, we can use recurring and reoccurring correctly. When we want to refer to something happening regularly, we should use the correct spelling of that thing being “reoccurring.”
When we think of something that has happened, although it may not happen again, we would want to imply that it’s unknown, or that it may not “reoccur.”
“I wanted to make a great steak the other night. I want to make this a reoccurring meal for the rest of the family.”
“I want to make a great steak every Tuesday. It could be a great recurring meal for us to make a better life.”
In both forms, the writing refers to something that happens again.
How to remember to write recurring vs. reoccurring
To have something repeat is the closest synonym for something reoccurring.
When something repetitive is recurring.
If something recurs, it happens regularly, at an expected time and case.
Tricks to remember
When something repeats after it happened once, it may become a surprise if it is reoccurring. The “o” in the word is the surprise part.
If something continues to happen, it wouldn’t be surprising the second time, meaning there is no reason for the “o.” Think of the letter “o” as “Oh!” A type of surprise.
Past tense verbs
What’s the best form to use when in doubt?
When in doubt, the best word to use is recurring. Most commonly, you are referring to something recurring. For example, a recurring theme. Or a recurring character. And lastly, a recurring payment.
- Les Aventures de Télémaque – Wikipedia
- Recur Definition & Meaning – Merriam-Webster
- Reoccur Definition & Meaning – Merriam-Webster
- 12 Synonyms of REOCCUR | Merriam-Webster Thesaurus
- RECUR | definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary
- Best 12 Definitions of Recur – YourDictionary
- Base Verb Definition and Examples – ThoughtCo
- BASE FORM | definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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